Vikings

   Northmen from Scandinavia (q.v.) who traversed the waterways of Europe in the eighth and ninth centuries as pirates and merchants. From ca. 835 Viking raids on Britain (q.v.), Ireland, and the Carolingian empire became incessant. The first Rus (q.v.) were Vikings who established a state at Kiev (q.v.), from which they launched an attack on Constantinople (q.v.) in 860. In 988 Vladimir I (q.v.) of Kiev sent 6,000 Rus soldiers to serve with Basil II (q.v.), after which the Varangians (q.v.), as they were called, fought for Byzantium (q.v.). The elite Varangian Guard (q.v.) was stationed in the Great Palace in Constantinople (qq.v.). In the 11th century, adventurers from the Viking state of Normandy, carved out a state in southern Italy (q.v.) by 1071, then conquered Sicily (q.v.). Normans (q.v.) also fought as mercenaries in Byzantine armies throughout the 11th century, including at the battle of Mantzikert (q.v.) in 1071. Among the most famous Viking adventurers was Harold Hardrada (q.v.), whose career included service with George Maniakes in Sicily (qq.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • VIKINGS — L’usage actuel désigne par le nom de Vikings les Scandinaves qui, à quelque titre, ont été mêlés à la grande expansion outre mer qui dura du VIIIe au XIe siècle. Comme l’emploi que l’on fait de ce mot est souvent intempérant, il convient de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vikings — (dt. Wikinger) bezeichnet folgende American Football Teams: Minnesota Vikings, US amerikanisches American Football Team Raiffeisen Vikings Vienna, österreichisches American Football Team Weyhe Vikings, deutsches American Football Team Stockholm… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vikings — • The Scandinavians who, in the ninth and tenth centuries, first ravaged the coasts of Western Europe and its islands and then turned from raiding into settlers. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Vikings — Viking Pour les articles homonymes, voir Viking (homonymie). Représentation de Vikings datant du IXe ou du Xe siècle. Un Viking ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • vikings — Nickname for Vicodin, a pain reliever containing Hydrocodone (related to codeine), a narcotic analgesic, and Acetaminophen, a less potent pain reliever that increases the effects of hydrocodone. My doctor gave me some vikings for pain after my… …   Dictionary of american slang

  • Vikings —    Raiders from Norway and Denmark who made forays into what was later known as the Low Countries, where they plundered towns such as Antwerp, Utrecht, Dorestad, Ghent, and Tiel. The economic and especially commercial development of these regions …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • VIKINGS —    (creekers), name given to the Scandinavian sea rovers and pirates who from the 8th to the 10th centuries ravaged the shores chiefly of Western Europe …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • vikings — Vi·king || vaɪkɪŋ n. one of the Scandinavian seagoing peoples that raided the northwestern European coast in the 8th 10th centuries …   English contemporary dictionary

  • VIKINGS — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Vikings du minnesota — Vikings du Minnesota …   Wikipédia en Français

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